Cite in two places, in the text and at the end of the paper.
Every in-text citation must correspond with a full citation on the References page, and vice versa. You can't include a source in your references list if you don't also cite it in your paper.
Author Last Name, First Name and Second Author First Name Last Name. Publication Year. Book Title: Subtitle. City of Publication: Publisher. URL/DOI.
Brown, Lyle C. and Kyle Miller. 2018. Practicing Texas Politics. Toronto: Cengage Learning.
Author Last Name, First Name and Second Author First Name Last Name. Publication Year. “Book Chapter Title.” In Title of Book, edited by Firstname Lastname, page number - page number. City of Publication: Publisher. URL/DOI/Medium.
Samples, John. 2006. “The Origins of Modern Campaign Finance Law.” In The Fallacy of Campaign Finance Reform, edited by Sierra Schuman, 56-63. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Last Name, First Name. Publication Year. "Article Title." Italicized Journal Title volume number (issue number or month): page numbers. DOI or URL or Name of Database in Title Case.
Barndt, William T. 2014. "Corporation-based Parties: The Present and Future of Business Politics in Latin America." Latin American Politics and Society 56 (3), 1-22. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1548-2456.2014.00237.x.
Farrell, Grace. 2006. “Beneath the Suffrage Narrative.” Canadian Review of American Studies 36 (1). Project MUSE.
Author Last Name, Author First Name. Year. “Title of Article in Title Case.” Title of Newspaper or Magazine in Title Case and Italics, full date of publication. DOI or URL or Name of Database in Title Case.
Ramsey, Ross. 2022. "Analysis: In Texas Elections in 2022, Economic Concerns Loom." Texas Tribune, April 4, 2022. https://www.texastribune.org/2022/04/04/texas-2022-economy/
Last name, First name or Organization Name. Publication Date/Revision. "Title of Page." Site Name. Access Date. Site URL.
Center for American Women and Politics. 2022. "Women's Vote Watch." CAWP. Accessed January 3, 2022. https://cawp.rutgers.edu/facts/voters/womens-vote-watch
Columbia University. n.d. “History.” Accessed May 15, 2017. http://www.columbia.edu/content/history.html.
In-text citations appear at the end of the sentence before the period.
If the author's name is included in the text, you only include the publication year and the page numbers in parentheses after the author's name. Compare the examples below:
For short quotations of fewer than 100 words, add quotation marks around the words and incorporate the quote into your own text. Include the date and the page number with the parenthetical citation.
The American Political Science Association (APSA) uses a variation of Chicago AD, with additional support for formats typical to the discipline.
One main difference is the treatment of book chapters in collected editions:
Hermann, Margaret G. 1984. “Personality and Foreign Policy Decision Making: A Study of Fifty-Three Heads of Government.” In Foreign Policy Decision Making, eds. Donald A. Sylvan and Steve Chan, 133–52. New York: Praeger.