Cite in two places: in the text and at the end of the paper.
Every in-text citation must correspond with a full citation on the References page, and vice versa. You can't include a source in your references list if you don't also cite it in your paper.
Last name, First name. Year of Publication. Title of Book. City of Publication, State Initials: Publisher.
Criado-Perez, Caroline. 2019. Invisible Women: Data Bias in a World Designed for Men. New York, NY: Abrams Press.
Last name, First name and First name Last name. Year of Publication. "Title of Chapter." Pp. starting page-ending page in Title of Book, edited by First name Last Name. City of Publication, State Initials: Publisher Name.
Mays, Kyle T. 2021. "Blackness and Indigeneity." Pp. 123-125 in Four Hundred Souls: A Community History of African America, 1619-2019, edited by Ibram X. Kendi and Keisha N. Blain. New York, NY: One World.
Last name, First name, and First name Last name. Year of Publication. "Title of Article." Journal Volume(Issue):Pages. doi: (if available).
Bureau, Marie‐Christine, and Barbara Rist. 2020. "The Practical and Symbolic Regulation of Multi‐parenthood." International Social Science Journal 70(235/236):67–78. doi:10.1111/issj.12225.
Last name, First name (or Organization). Year of Publication. "Title of Webpage." Name of Publication (if different from the author), Month and Day of Publication, if available. Retrieval Date (http://webaddress.com).
Friedman, Thomas L. 2017. "Climate Shifts Aren't Limited to the Weather." Opinion, New York Times, April 2. Retrieved July 25, 2022 (https://www.nytimes.com/2017/08/02/opinion/climate-change-technology-globalization-china.html).
Society for American Archaeology. n.d. "Archaeology Law & Ethics." Washington, D.C.: Society for American Archaeology. Retrieved July 25, 2022 (https://www.saa.org/about-archaeology/archaeology-law-ethics).
References should include four elements:
If an article is retrieved from a database, include a retrieval date and the name of the database, but do not provide an article link.
Use a colon to separate the publication year from page numbers, if page numbers are included.
Placed at the end of a sentence, before the endmark.
When the resource has three authors, include all three last names in the first citation, and thereafter use "et al." If the citation has more than three authors, use "et al." for all citations.
Narrative in-text citations incorporate citation elements into the text.
For direct quotes, the page number is separated from the year of publication by a colon.
The guide is the authoritative source on ASA Style and the best place to look for information. The ASA released the 6th edition of the guide in 2019. Always check with your professor for any specific citation requirements.