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can be good resource for primary resources. Many modern events are documented in real time on social media platforms like Twitter.
Challenges of Social Media Research
People communicate on private networks, delete their accounts, or delete posts. Search to see if an archival or research institution has an archive of social media from the events you are researching.
Beware of bots or other disinformation actors.
You need to speak the language or find an effective way to translate the post or tweet.
Searching Social Media
A search engine like Google may or may not index the social media platform you want to search (or it may only search a short period of time).
Social media platforms don't always have good search tools.
You can only search public posts, not any that are set to private.
Twitter Advanced Search
Must be signed in to account. Search by keyword, hashtag, or account name. Limit the date range to the time of the event.
Must be signed in to account. Use the search bar at the top of the screen to search by keyword or hashtag, then limit your results on the left by date, location, or source.
Search by keyword, hashtag, location, name, or account name.
Disinformation Action Lab
The Disinformation Action Lab (DAL) at Data & Society attempts to find innovative approaches to addressing some the complex dynamics underpinning the spread of propaganda and disinformation.
Who Tweeted It First
Find the original source of a retweet. This is useful for establishing whether the tweet was by a person or a bot.
Checks the activity of a Twitter account and gives it a score based on how likely the account is to be a bot. Higher scores are more bot-like.