This guide is focused on accessing research data and data sets. For statistical information and access, please see the accompanying Related Guide titled "Statistics" in the lower right menu on this page. If you have any questions or suggestions, we would love to hear from you.
Data vs. Statistics
Data are raw ingredients from which statistics are created. Statistics are useful when you just need a few numbers to support an argument. Statistics are usually presented in tables. Statistical analysis can be performed on data to show relationships among the variables collected. Through secondary data analysis, many different researchers can re-use the same data set for different purposes. The video below presents a quick yet comprehensive overview of the 4 main data types.