Cite in two places: in the text, and at the end of the paper.
Every in-text citation must correspond with a full citation on the References page, and vice versa. You can't include a source in your references list if you don't also cite it in your paper.
Author, A. A. (Date of publication). Title of book. Publisher.
Vaidhyanathan, S. (2018). Antisocial media: How Facebook disconnects us and undermines democracy. Oxford University Press.
Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Date of publication). Title of chapter. In E. E. Editor (Ed.), Title of book (page range). Publisher.
Henson, B., & Ricketts, M. (2019). It’s complicated: Social media’s impact on the relationship between our personal and professional lives. In M. Khosrow-Pour (Ed.), Internet and technology addiction: Breakthroughs in research and practice (pp. 473–487). Information Science Reference/IGI Global.
Author, A. A., Author, B. B, & Author, C.C. (Date of publication). Title of article. Title of Journal, volume number (issue number), page range. DOI if available
Mozafari, M., Farahbakhsh, R., & Crespi, N. (2020). Hate speech detection and racial bias mitigation in social media based on BERT model. PLoS ONE, 15(8). https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0237861
Author, A. (Year, Month). Title of article. Title of Magazine, volume (issue), page-page.
Peterzell, J. (1990, April). Better late than never. Time, 135(17), 20–21.
Author, A. A. (Year, Month Day). Title of article. Site name. http://webaddress.com
Mennis, G. (2022, May 25). Savings rate fills out picture of workers' retirement security. Pew. https://www.pewtrusts.org/en/research-and-analysis/issue-briefs/2022/05/savings-rate-fills-out-picture-of-workers-retirement-security
If the page is written by a group or organization, use the group or organization name as the author. When contents of a page are designed to change over time, include a retrieval date in the reference.
U.S. Census Bureau. (n.d.). U.S. and world population clock. U.S. Department of Commerce. Retrieved January 9, 2020, from https://www.census.gov/popclock/
Exclude the site name if it is the same as the author.
World Health Organization. (2018, May 24). The top 10 causes of death. https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/the-top-10-causes-of-death
Placed at the end of a sentence, before the endmark.
Narrative in-text citations incorporate citation elements into the text.
For short quotations of fewer than 40 words, add quotation marks around the words and incorporate the quote into your own text. Add the page number to the parenthetical citation.
The manual is the authoritative source on APA Style and the best place to look for information. Always check with your professor for which any specific citation requirements.
The APA does not license libraries to purchase an online edition of the Publication Manual, but electronic versions are available for purchase through these sites.