Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.

Citation Help: APA

APA Style Guidance

American Psychological Association (APA) citation style is most commonly used in the social sciences, as well as other areas in which currency is important. APA Style is not just how you cite your sources, but writing style and formatting as well.

Characteristics of APA Style
  • In-text citations (author, date) appear in parentheses at the end of a sentence before the period.
  • A References page at the end of the document has full citations in alphabetical order formatted with a hanging indent. 
  • Most references follow the format: author, date, title, source.
  • If a reference isn't cited in your paper, it shouldn't be included in your reference list.

The Publication Manual of the APA is the authoritative source on APA Style and the best place to look for information. For formats, guidelines and examples online, visit the Purdue OWL APA Formatting & Style GuideThe APA recently released the 7th edition of the manual. 

Always check with your professor for which edition to use and any specific citation requirements.

Resources for APA Style

APA Manual Online

APA does not license libraries to purchase an online edition of the Publication Manual, but electronic versions are available for purchase through these sites.

APA Style Guide

Citing Business Sources in APA