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Data is usually created during the observation, computation, or experiment stage. It can also be acquired from a third party.
Acquisition of data involves collecting or adding to data that one currently has. There are different ways of acquiring data: collecting; converting or transforming; sharing or exchanging; and purchasing.
It is best practice for you to develop a well-organized plan to be able to manage that data. You need to give adequate thought as to how the data will be used in the project, and to think about whether or not the data will be made available to others in the future. Such planning will assure appropriate use of the data, and address issues of access, privacy, confidentiality, and security of the data.
Types of Data
As we already know, data covers a lot of different things, and can mean different things to different people. When talking about research data management, the types of data acquired or created can generally be put into four different categories.These are:
Captured in real-time, either through human observation, surveys, or the use of an instrument or sensor